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RAZ-aa级|RAZ-aa级 生难词(3-1)

新计划:基于RAZ-aa的难度和Moana的学习情况,大概用30~40天时间可学完并基本掌握,也就是今年12月份之前搞定。要质速均衡,加油!

RAZ-aa级|RAZ-aa级 生难词(3-1)
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RAZ-aa bug

英[b?g]美[b?ɡ]
n. 臭虫,小虫;故障;窃听器
vt. 烦扰,打扰;装窃听器
vi. 装置窃听器;打扰
N-COUNT A bug is an insect or similar small creature. 小虫
例:We noticed tiny bugs that were all over the walls.
我们发现墙上爬满了小虫。
N-COUNT A bug is an illness which is caused by small organisms such as bacteria. (由细菌引起的) 疾病
例:I think I've got a bit of a stomach bug.
我觉得我有点肠胃感染。
N-COUNT If there is a bug in a computer program, there is a mistake in it. (计算机程序的) 故障
例:There is a bug in the software.
软件出了故障。
N-COUNT A bug is a tiny hidden microphone that transmits what people are saying. 微型窃听器
例:There was a bug on the phone.
那部电话里装有一个微型窃听器。
V-T If someone bugs a place, they hide tiny microphones in it that transmit what people are saying. (在某处) 装窃听器
例:He heard that they were planning to bug his office.
他听说他们正计划在他的办公室安装窃听器。
V-T If someone or something bugs you, they worry or annoy you. 使烦恼
例:I only did it to bug my parents.
我那样做只不过是为了烦扰我父母。
insect

英['?nsekt]美['?ns?kt]
n. 昆虫;卑鄙的人
eggnog

【RAZ-aa级|RAZ-aa级 生难词(3-1)】 英['eɡn?ɡ]美['?ɡnɑɡ]
n. 蛋酒
N-UNCOUNT Eggnog is a drink made from eggs, milk, sugar, spices, and often alcohol such as rum or brandy. 蛋奶酒
balloon

英[b?'lu?n]美[b?'lun]
vi. 激增;膨胀如气球
n. 气球
vt. 使像气球般鼓起;使激增
adj. 像气球般鼓起的
n. (Balloon)人名;(法)巴隆
balloon /b??lu?n/ CET4 TEM4
(ballooning, ballooned, balloons)
N-COUNT A balloon is a small, thin, rubber bag that you blow air into so that it becomes larger and rounder or longer. Balloons are used as toys or decorations. 气球
例:She popped a balloon with her fork.
她用叉子把气球砰的一声戳爆了。
N-COUNT A balloon is a large, strong bag filled with gas or hot air, which can carry passengers in a container that hangs underneath it. 热气球
例:They are to attempt to be the first to circle the Earth non-stop by balloon.
他们将试图成为首批乘热气球不间断环球飞行的人。
V-I When something balloons, it increases rapidly in amount. (数量上) 猛增
例:The jail's female and minority populations have both ballooned in recent years.
该监狱的女性及少数民族犯人在近几年都猛增了。
Fido

[faid?u]
n. 有铸造缺陷的硬币;燃油加热驱雾器
n. (Fido)人名;(英、意)菲多
sweater

英['swet?]美['sw?t?]
n. 毛线衣,运动衫;大量出汗的人,发汗剂
sweater /?sw?t?/ CET4 TEM4
N-COUNT A sweater is a warm knitted piece of clothing which covers the upper part of your body and your arms. 毛线衫
boot
英[bu?t]美[but]
vt. 引导;踢;解雇;使穿靴
n. 靴子;踢;汽车行李箱
n. (Boot)人名;(英)布特;(德)博特
boot /bu?t/ CET4 TEM4
(booting,booted,boots)
N-COUNT Boots are shoes that cover your whole foot and the lower part of your leg. 靴子
例:He sat in a kitchen chair, reached down and pulled off his boots.
他坐在厨房的椅子上,弯腰脱掉了靴子。
N-COUNT Boots are strong, heavy shoes that cover your ankle and that have thick soles. You wear them to protect your feet, for example, when you are walking or taking part in sports. (步行或运动时穿的) 厚底靴
例:The soldiers' boots resounded in the street.
士兵们的厚底靴在街道上发出回响。
N a kick 踢
例:he gave the door a boot
V (esp in football) to kick (尤指足球中)踢
N-COUNT The boot of a car is a covered space at the back or front in which you put luggage or other things. ( 汽车的 ) 行李箱
例:She opened the boot of the car and started to take out a bag of groceries.
她打开汽车的行李箱,开始拿出一袋杂货。
V-T To boot a car means the same as to a car. 用车轮钳锁锁住 (车辆)
V-T/V-I If a computer boots or you boot it, it is made ready to use by putting in the instructions it needs in order to start working. 启动
例:The computer won't boot.
计算机无法启动。
例:Put the CD into the drive and boot the machine.
把光盘放进驱动器,然后启动机器。
PHRASAL VERB Boot up means the same as . 启动
例:Go over to your PC and boot it up.
到你的个人电脑那儿,启动它。
V to be of advantage or use to (a person) 成为(某人的)优势; 对(某人)有用
例:what boots it to complain?
PHRASE If you get the boot or are given the boot, you are told that you are not wanted anymore, either in your job or by someone you are having a relationship with. 被解雇; 被抛弃
例:She was a disruptive influence, and after a year or two she got the boot.
她是个捣乱分子,一两年后就被解雇了。
scarf

英[skɑ?f]美[skɑrf]
n. 围巾;嵌接,嵌接处;头巾领巾
vt. 披嵌接;用围巾围
n. (Scarf)人名;(英)斯卡夫
scarf /skɑ?f/ CET6+ TEM4
N-COUNT A scarf is a piece of cloth that you wear around your neck or head, usually to keep yourself warm. 围巾
例:He reached up to loosen the scarf around his neck.
他伸出手松开围在脖子上的围巾。
cape
英[ke?p]美[kep]
n. [地理] 海角,岬;披肩
n. (Cape)人名;(塞)察佩;(英)凯普
cape /ke?p/ CET6 TEM8
N-COUNT/N-IN-NAMES A cape is a large piece of land that sticks out into the sea from the coast. 海角; 岬
例:Naomi James became the first woman to sail solo around the world via Cape Horn.
内奥米·詹姆斯成为第一位独自经合恩角进行环球航行的女子。
N-COUNT A cape is a short cloak. 披肩
例:...a woollen cape.
…一件羊毛披肩。
blanket
英['bl??k?t]美['bl??k?t]
n. 毛毯,毯子;毯状物,覆盖层
adj. 总括的,全体的;没有限制的
vt. 覆盖,掩盖;用毯覆盖
blanket /?bl??k?t/ CET4 TEM4
(blanketing,blanketed,blankets)
N-COUNT A blanket is a large square or rectangular piece of thick cloth, especially one that you put on a bed to keep you warm. 毯子
N-COUNT A blanket of something such as snow is a continuous layer of it which hides what is below or beyond it. 覆盖层
例:The mud disappeared under a blanket of snow.
泥地在一层白雪的覆盖下消失不见了。
V-T If something such as snow blankets an area, it covers it. 覆盖
例:More than a foot of snow blanketed parts of Michigan.
一英尺多厚的白雪覆盖了密歇根州的部分地区。
ADJ You use blanket to describe something when you want to emphasize that it affects or refers to every person or thing in a group, without any exceptions. 适用于全体的
例:There's already a blanket ban on foreign unskilled labour in Japan.
日本已经有一项禁止使用外国非熟练工人的通用禁令。
wagon
英['w?g(?)n]美['w?g?n]
n. 货车,四轮马车
vt. 用运货马车运输货物
n. (Wagon)人名;(法、德)瓦贡
wagon /?w?ɡ?n/ CET4 TEM4
N-COUNT A wagon is a strong vehicle with four wheels, usually pulled by horses or oxen and used for carrying heavy loads. 四轮运货马 (或牛) 车
N-COUNT A wagon is a large container on wheels which is pulled by a train. (火车的) 货车车厢
tub
英[t?b]美[t?b]
n. 浴盆;桶
vt. 把…装入桶;为…洗盆浴
vi. 洗盆浴;(衣服等)被放在桶里洗
tub /t?b/ CET6 TEM4
N-COUNT A tub is the same as a . 浴缸
例:She lay back in the tub.
她仰靠在浴缸里。
N-COUNT A tub is a deep container of any size. 深的容器
例:He peeled the paper top off a little white tub and poured the cream into his coffee.
他撕去一个白色小杯的纸盖子,把奶油倒进他的咖啡。
N-COUNT You can use tub to refer to a tub and its contents, or to the contents only. (一) 容器
例:She would eat four tubs of ice cream in one sitting.
她会一口气吃下4杯冰淇淋。
acorn
英['e?k??n]美['ek?rn]
n. [植] 橡子;[林] 橡实
acorn /?e?k??n/
N-COUNT An acorn is a pale oval nut that is the fruit of an oak tree. 橡实
pumpkin
英[?p?mpk?n]美['p?mpk?n]
n. 南瓜
pumpkin /?p?mpk?n/ CET6 TEM4
N-VAR A pumpkin is a large, round, orange vegetable with a thick skin. 南瓜
例:
Quarter the pumpkin and remove the seeds.
把南瓜一切四块,把南瓜子取出来。
rake

英[re?k]美[rek]
vi. 搜索;用耙子耙;掠过,擦过
vt. 倾斜;搜索;掠过;用耙子耙
n. 耙子;斜度;钱耙;放荡的人,浪子
n. (Rake)人名;(英)雷克;(塞)拉凯
rake /re?k/ CET6+ TEM8
(raking,raked,rakes)
N-COUNT A rake is a garden tool consisting of a row of metal or wooden teeth attached to a long handle. You can use a rake to make the earth smooth and level before you put plants in, or to gather leaves together. (长柄) 耙子
V-T If you rake a surface, you move a rake across it in order to make it smooth and level. 耙平
例:Rake the soil, press the seed into it, then cover it lightly.
耙平土,把种子按进土里,然后再把它轻轻地盖上。
V-T If you rake leaves or ashes, you move them somewhere using a rake or a similar tool. 耙
例:
I watched the men rake leaves into heaps.
我看见男人们把树叶耙成堆。
N a dissolute man, esp one in fashionable society; roué 放荡的男人
V to incline from the vertical by a perceptible degree, esp (of a ship's mast or funnel) towards the stern (船桅或烟囱)向船尾倾斜
N the degree to which an object, such as a ship's mast, inclines from the perpendicular, esp towards the stern (船桅等)向船尾的倾斜度
V (of gun dogs or hounds) to hunt with the nose to the ground (猎犬)鼻子贴地追踪猎物
closet
英['kl?z?t]美['klɑz?t]
n. 壁橱;议事室,密室;小房间
adj. 秘密的,私下的;空谈的
vt. 把…关在私室中
n. (Closet)人名;(法)克洛塞
hanger
英['h???]美['h???]
n. 衣架;挂钩;绞刑执行者
n. (Hanger)人名;(英)汉格
skate
英[ske?t]美[sket]
vi. 滑冰;滑过
n. 溜冰;冰鞋
n. (Skate)人名;(瑞典、英)斯卡特
skate /ske?t/ CET4
(skating,skated,skates)
N-COUNT Skates are ice-skates. 冰鞋; 冰刀
N-COUNT Skates are roller-skates. 旱冰鞋
V-I If you skate, you move around wearing ice-skates or roller-skates. 滑冰
例:
I actually skated, and despite some teetering I did not fall on the ice.
我的确滑冰了。尽管有些摇摇晃晃,我还是没有摔倒在冰上。
N-UNCOUNT 滑冰
例:
They all went skating together in the winter.
他们冬天都一起去滑冰。
N any large ray of the family Rajidae, of temperate and tropical seas, having flat pectoral fins continuous with the head, two dorsal fins, a short spineless tail, and a long snout 鳐鱼
log
英[l?g]美[l?ɡ]
vi. 伐木
vt. 切;伐木;航行
n. 记录;航行日志;原木
log /l?ɡ/ CET4 TEM4
(logging,logged,logs)
N-COUNT A log is a piece of a thick branch or of the trunk of a tree that has been cut so that it can be used for fuel or for making things. 木柴; 原木
例:He dumped the logs on the big stone hearth.
他把木柴扔进那个大石炉里。
N-COUNT A log is an official written account of what happens each day, for example, on board a ship. 日志
例:The family made an official complaint to a ship's officer, which was recorded in the log.
这家人向一位高级船员提出过正式投诉,此事记入了航行日志。
V-T If you log an event or fact, you record it officially in writing or on a computer. 把…载入日志
例:They log everyone and everything that comes in and out of here.
他们把在这里出入的人和发生的事都记入日志。
N logarithm的缩写
→ short for logarithm
pasta
英['p?st?]美['pɑst?]
n. 意大利面食;面团
n. (Pasta)人名;(英、意)帕斯塔
pasta /?p?st?/ TEM8
N-MASS Pasta is a type of food made from a mixture of flour, eggs, and water that is formed into different shapes and then boiled. Spaghetti, macaroni, and noodles are types of pasta. 面食
curly
英['k??l?]美['k?li]
adj. 卷曲的;卷毛的;(木材)有皱状纹理的;蜷缩的
curly /?k??l?/
(curlier,curliest)
ADJ Curly hair is full of curls. (头发) 卷的
例:I've got naturally curly hair.
我长着天生的卷发。
ADJ Curly is sometimes used to describe things that are curved or spiral in shape. 卷曲的
例:...cauliflowers with extra-long curly leaves.
…长着特别长卷叶的花椰菜。
volleyball
英['v?l?b??l]美['vɑl?b?l]
n. 排球
soccer

英['s?k?]美['sɑk?]
n. 英式足球,足球
tennis
英['ten?s]美[?t?n?s]
n. 网球(运动)
n. (英)坦尼斯(人名)
golf
英[g?lf]美[g?lf]
n. 高尔夫球;高尔夫球运动
vi. 打高尔夫球
n. (Golf)人名;(西、挪)戈尔夫
beach

英[bi?t?]美[bit?]
n. 海滩;湖滨
vt. 将…拖上岸
vi. 搁浅;定居
n. (Beach)人名;(英)比奇
beach /bi?t?/ CET4 TEM4
(beaching,beached,beaches)
N-COUNT A beach is an area of sand or stones beside the ocean. 海滩
例:...a beautiful sandy beach.
…一片美丽的沙滩。
V-T/V-I If something such as a boat beaches, or if it is beached, it is pulled or forced out of the water and onto land. 使上岸; 上岸
例:We beached the canoe, running it right up the bank.
我们把独木舟拖上了海滩,直朝堤岸拖去。
例:The boat beached on a mud flat.
船在泥沼上搁浅了。
sunshine
英['s?n?a?n]美['s?n?a?n]
n. 阳光;愉快;晴天;快活
n. (Sunshine)人名;(英)森夏恩
swimsuit
英['sw?msu?t; -sju?t]美[?sw?m?sut]
n. 游泳衣(女式)
picnic
英['p?kn?k]美['p?kn?k]
n. 野餐
vi. 去野餐
picnic /?p?kn?k/ CET4 TEM4
(picnicking,picnicked,picnics)
N-COUNT When people have a picnic, they eat a meal outdoors, usually in a park or a forest, or at the beach. 野餐
例:We're going on a picnic tomorrow.
我们明天去野餐。
V-I When people picnic somewhere, they have a picnic. 野餐
例:Afterwards, we picnicked on the riverbank.
之后,我们在河岸上野餐。

RAZ-aa级|RAZ-aa级 生难词(3-1)
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