N-COUNT A bug is an insect or similar small creature. 小虫
例：We noticed tiny bugs that were all over the walls.
N-COUNT A bug is an illness which is caused by small organisms such as bacteria. (由细菌引起的) 疾病
例：I think I've got a bit of a stomach bug.
N-COUNT If there is a bug in a computer program, there is a mistake in it. (计算机程序的) 故障
例：There is a bug in the software.
N-COUNT A bug is a tiny hidden microphone that transmits what people are saying. 微型窃听器
例：There was a bug on the phone.
V-T If someone bugs a place, they hide tiny microphones in it that transmit what people are saying. (在某处) 装窃听器
例：He heard that they were planning to bug his office.
V-T If someone or something bugs you, they worry or annoy you. 使烦恼
例：I only did it to bug my parents.
【RAZ-aa级|RAZ-aa级 生难词(3-1)】 英['eɡn?ɡ]美['?ɡnɑɡ]
N-UNCOUNT Eggnog is a drink made from eggs, milk, sugar, spices, and often alcohol such as rum or brandy. 蛋奶酒
balloon /b??lu?n/ CET4 TEM4
(ballooning, ballooned, balloons)
N-COUNT A balloon is a small, thin, rubber bag that you blow air into so that it becomes larger and rounder or longer. Balloons are used as toys or decorations. 气球
例：She popped a balloon with her fork.
N-COUNT A balloon is a large, strong bag filled with gas or hot air, which can carry passengers in a container that hangs underneath it. 热气球
例：They are to attempt to be the first to circle the Earth non-stop by balloon.
V-I When something balloons, it increases rapidly in amount. (数量上) 猛增
例：The jail's female and minority populations have both ballooned in recent years.
sweater /?sw?t?/ CET4 TEM4
N-COUNT A sweater is a warm knitted piece of clothing which covers the upper part of your body and your arms. 毛线衫
boot /bu?t/ CET4 TEM4
N-COUNT Boots are shoes that cover your whole foot and the lower part of your leg. 靴子
例：He sat in a kitchen chair, reached down and pulled off his boots.
N-COUNT Boots are strong, heavy shoes that cover your ankle and that have thick soles. You wear them to protect your feet, for example, when you are walking or taking part in sports. (步行或运动时穿的) 厚底靴
例：The soldiers' boots resounded in the street.
N a kick 踢
例：he gave the door a boot
V (esp in football) to kick (尤指足球中)踢
N-COUNT The boot of a car is a covered space at the back or front in which you put luggage or other things. ( 汽车的 ) 行李箱
例：She opened the boot of the car and started to take out a bag of groceries.
V-T To boot a car means the same as to a car. 用车轮钳锁锁住 (车辆)
V-T/V-I If a computer boots or you boot it, it is made ready to use by putting in the instructions it needs in order to start working. 启动
例：The computer won't boot.
例：Put the CD into the drive and boot the machine.
PHRASAL VERB Boot up means the same as . 启动
例：Go over to your PC and boot it up.
V to be of advantage or use to (a person) 成为(某人的)优势; 对(某人)有用
例：what boots it to complain?
PHRASE If you get the boot or are given the boot, you are told that you are not wanted anymore, either in your job or by someone you are having a relationship with. 被解雇; 被抛弃
例：She was a disruptive influence, and after a year or two she got the boot.
scarf /skɑ?f/ CET6+ TEM4
N-COUNT A scarf is a piece of cloth that you wear around your neck or head, usually to keep yourself warm. 围巾
例：He reached up to loosen the scarf around his neck.
n. [地理] 海角，岬；披肩
cape /ke?p/ CET6 TEM8
N-COUNT/N-IN-NAMES A cape is a large piece of land that sticks out into the sea from the coast. 海角; 岬
例：Naomi James became the first woman to sail solo around the world via Cape Horn.
N-COUNT A cape is a short cloak. 披肩
例：...a woollen cape.
blanket /?bl??k?t/ CET4 TEM4
N-COUNT A blanket is a large square or rectangular piece of thick cloth, especially one that you put on a bed to keep you warm. 毯子
N-COUNT A blanket of something such as snow is a continuous layer of it which hides what is below or beyond it. 覆盖层
例：The mud disappeared under a blanket of snow.
V-T If something such as snow blankets an area, it covers it. 覆盖
例：More than a foot of snow blanketed parts of Michigan.
ADJ You use blanket to describe something when you want to emphasize that it affects or refers to every person or thing in a group, without any exceptions. 适用于全体的
例：There's already a blanket ban on foreign unskilled labour in Japan.
wagon /?w?ɡ?n/ CET4 TEM4
N-COUNT A wagon is a strong vehicle with four wheels, usually pulled by horses or oxen and used for carrying heavy loads. 四轮运货马 (或牛) 车
N-COUNT A wagon is a large container on wheels which is pulled by a train. (火车的) 货车车厢
tub /t?b/ CET6 TEM4
N-COUNT A tub is the same as a . 浴缸
例：She lay back in the tub.
N-COUNT A tub is a deep container of any size. 深的容器
例：He peeled the paper top off a little white tub and poured the cream into his coffee.
N-COUNT You can use tub to refer to a tub and its contents, or to the contents only. (一) 容器
例：She would eat four tubs of ice cream in one sitting.
n. [植] 橡子；[林] 橡实
N-COUNT An acorn is a pale oval nut that is the fruit of an oak tree. 橡实
pumpkin /?p?mpk?n/ CET6 TEM4
N-VAR A pumpkin is a large, round, orange vegetable with a thick skin. 南瓜
Quarter the pumpkin and remove the seeds.
rake /re?k/ CET6+ TEM8
N-COUNT A rake is a garden tool consisting of a row of metal or wooden teeth attached to a long handle. You can use a rake to make the earth smooth and level before you put plants in, or to gather leaves together. (长柄) 耙子
V-T If you rake a surface, you move a rake across it in order to make it smooth and level. 耙平
例：Rake the soil, press the seed into it, then cover it lightly.
V-T If you rake leaves or ashes, you move them somewhere using a rake or a similar tool. 耙
I watched the men rake leaves into heaps.
N a dissolute man, esp one in fashionable society; roué 放荡的男人
V to incline from the vertical by a perceptible degree, esp (of a ship's mast or funnel) towards the stern (船桅或烟囱)向船尾倾斜
N the degree to which an object, such as a ship's mast, inclines from the perpendicular, esp towards the stern (船桅等)向船尾的倾斜度
V (of gun dogs or hounds) to hunt with the nose to the ground (猎犬)鼻子贴地追踪猎物
skate /ske?t/ CET4
N-COUNT Skates are ice-skates. 冰鞋; 冰刀
N-COUNT Skates are roller-skates. 旱冰鞋
V-I If you skate, you move around wearing ice-skates or roller-skates. 滑冰
I actually skated, and despite some teetering I did not fall on the ice.
They all went skating together in the winter.
N any large ray of the family Rajidae, of temperate and tropical seas, having flat pectoral fins continuous with the head, two dorsal fins, a short spineless tail, and a long snout 鳐鱼
log /l?ɡ/ CET4 TEM4
N-COUNT A log is a piece of a thick branch or of the trunk of a tree that has been cut so that it can be used for fuel or for making things. 木柴; 原木
例：He dumped the logs on the big stone hearth.
N-COUNT A log is an official written account of what happens each day, for example, on board a ship. 日志
例：The family made an official complaint to a ship's officer, which was recorded in the log.
V-T If you log an event or fact, you record it officially in writing or on a computer. 把…载入日志
例：They log everyone and everything that comes in and out of here.
→ short for logarithm
pasta /?p?st?/ TEM8
N-MASS Pasta is a type of food made from a mixture of flour, eggs, and water that is formed into different shapes and then boiled. Spaghetti, macaroni, and noodles are types of pasta. 面食
ADJ Curly hair is full of curls. (头发) 卷的
例：I've got naturally curly hair.
ADJ Curly is sometimes used to describe things that are curved or spiral in shape. 卷曲的
例：...cauliflowers with extra-long curly leaves.
beach /bi?t?/ CET4 TEM4
N-COUNT A beach is an area of sand or stones beside the ocean. 海滩
例：...a beautiful sandy beach.
V-T/V-I If something such as a boat beaches, or if it is beached, it is pulled or forced out of the water and onto land. 使上岸; 上岸
例：We beached the canoe, running it right up the bank.
例：The boat beached on a mud flat.
picnic /?p?kn?k/ CET4 TEM4
N-COUNT When people have a picnic, they eat a meal outdoors, usually in a park or a forest, or at the beach. 野餐
例：We're going on a picnic tomorrow.
V-I When people picnic somewhere, they have a picnic. 野餐
例：Afterwards, we picnicked on the riverbank.